Every storytelling experience is about managing a set of relationships between the teller, the story and the audience. The story triangle is a dynamic interaction between these three elements that are present during any storytelling experience. The teller, story and audience interact in such a way that the story experience is different every time. The story triangle itself is derived from Aristotle's rhetorical triangle, which encompasses reason, character and emotion.
The story triangle, rather than emphasizing narrative elements, focuses on the players and relationships present during a storytelling event.
The simplest definition of storyteller is one who interprets, shapes, and expresses the story. Whether they're telling their own material, a traditional story, giving a speech or presentation, the storyteller’s choice of words, tone and body language makes that story uniquely theirs.
The audience takes in the story as told by the teller, and uses the teller’s words and performance cues to interpret the story, in addition to their own life experience. They react to the whole story and its individual parts by applauding, laughing, crying, yawning, etc. Their mere presence affects the storyteller and the story. While a story may exist before it is told by the storyteller, even in written form, the primary and most important place a story exists is in the individual minds of the audience during the story experience.
The story itself has a life apart from both the teller and the audience. Stories are both containers and triggers. As containers, they carry and convey characters, experiences, events, and even worlds to a listening audience. As triggers, they set off sparks and flashes of recognition and meaning within the minds of the audience. Like a molecular reaction, stories can bond to the life events of the audience, which allow stories to feel more authentic. By identifying with the characters and events of a story, we sometimes have the opportunity to see our own lives differently. We see what the characters see, we learn what the characters learn. Stories fulfill both container and trigger roles simultaneously. They have the capacity to present the new and the old, the novel and the recognizable to an audience.
From the participants, we now can consider the relationships.
The storyteller and the story have a relationship.
The teller studies, thinks, practices, builds their story. They consider their movement, language and more. The story is shaped by the teller. It is an intimate relationship.
The storyteller and the audience have a relationship.
The audience watches and listens to the teller, absorbing their interpretation of the story. The teller, in turn, watches the audience and responds to them. Because storytelling is such a fluid art with little or no fourth wall, the teller can change the story as needed to meet the needs of the audience. Does the audience really love trees? Fine, spend more time in the forest. Does the audience not appreciate your humor? Fine, let's move on.
But the most important relationship in the storytelling performance experience is the relationship between the audience and the story.
As tellers, we can't control this. All we can do is craft our story and pay attention to the audience as best we can. It's what happens in the mind and imagination of our listeners that makes the magic. Every single listener will interpret your words and actions in their own way, colored by their own experiences. Every single listener will hear a different story.Every single listener will have their own relationship with the story. Yes, the teller is the vehicle that allows it, but our job, as tellers, is to do the best we can, then get out of the way and let our listeners' infinitely creative minds dance with the words, the images, the narrative.
I am awed every time this happens. And it happens every time I trust myself, my story and my audience.
(c)2013 Laura S. Packer